(this page is part of my 2011 report on “Open Data: Emerging trends, issues and best practices”. Please follow that link to reach the Introduction and Table of Content, but don’t forget to also check the notes for readers! of the initial report of the same project, “Open Data, Open Society”) Proofs that, as cited in the Open Data, Open Society report, “Data is like soil”, that is valuable not in itself, but because of what grows on it, often in ways that the landowner couldn’t imagine, continue to arrive.