Algorithm bias, again. This time, in mortgages
But the problem is not algorithms, of course.
Bias and discrimination by algorithms is not new anymore, sadly. But it is always useful to find and share detailed evidence of where and how it happens. This time, I signal some more of such evidence, about Mortgage-Approval Algorithms.
That investigation by The Markup has found that on average, across the USA, lenders were 40% more likely to turn down Latino applicants for loans, 50% more likely to deny Asian/Pacific Islander applicants, and 70% more likely to deny Native American applicants than similar White applicants. Lenders were 80% more likely to reject Black applicants than similar White applicants.
In every case, the prospective borrowers of color looked almost exactly the same on paper as the White applicants, except for their race.
Lenders gave fewer loans to Black applicants than White applicants even when their incomes were high - $100,000 a year or more - and had the same debt ratios, or comparable credit scores.
Who makes these loan decisions? Government agencies, basically
Mortgages in the USA are automatically screened and pre-approved by algorithms, following a credit scoring procedure called “Classic Fico”. If an applicant’s score is less than 620, the mortgage will not be “bought”, that is guaranteed, by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, the two federal agencies that oversee this market.
This makes a lot of sense. However, since the credit scoring rules reward access to traditional credit, which still is more accessible to White Americans for a lots of reasons, their practical effect is that it is government agencies that perpetuate the discrimination among lenders.
I do not know exactly how much, how, where, structural racism is embedded in the US mortgage industry (or in any other country, for that matter). It sure is there, but the topic here is Fannie, Freddie and Classic FICO. Because that is just one more rerun of an old story I repeated the last time less than one week ago: If you want to innovate banks for real, rather than just run them faster, you must start from laws, not code.